THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY of HARFORD COUNTY, Inc.
The Booth Research Center

Welcome! This web page is an outgrowth of the Booth Room Committee of the Historical Society of Harford County. This Committee first met in August of 2001. It selected its mission as follows.

  • To promote an exchange of accurate information among those interested in learning about or preserving the history of the Booth Family and their contributions to the national and international theater, the field of agriculture, and the place they hold in history.

    Junius B. Booth, The Elder and Edwin Booth

  • To support the creation and the operation of the Booth Room and the Booth Archives at the Historical Society of Harford County, Bel Air, Maryland.
  • To encourage the preservation those sites important to the history of the Booths, especially those located in Maryland.

The Booth Room Committee was formed as a result of three events:

  • Tudor Hall, the home of the Booths, became privately owned and closed to the public.
  • PATH (The Preservation Association of Tudor Hall) then collapsed.
  • Some of the collection left at Tudor Hall, owned by PATH, was given to the Historical Society of Harford County.

In addition, the Historical Society of Harford County had many members who were members of and contributors to PATH. Since its founding in 1885, the Society has independently built up its own excellent Booth Collection, supported the preservation of Tudor Hall and the history of the Booth family. An amazing amount of interest in the Booths persists, and their astonishing stories continue to be retold over and over and influence current events. Many thousands of books, plays, novels and articles have been written on the Booths. (Click to see an abbreviated list of publications on the Booths.)

Their story is typical of Marylanders during the 1800's. In the early years of our nation families and the State were deeply divided by the issues of slavery, state rights, individual rights, and finally the Civil War. Most of the Booths were Northern sympathizers. John Wilkes, a Southern sympathizer, foolishly believed that he could turn the tide of the Civil War by killing President Abraham Lincoln and his successors to the Presidency. Today, in the early years of a new millennium and in a time of numerous civil wars, bold terrorists, audacious challenges to property, individual and state rights, and continuing world slavery, there is a strong need for accurate insights into such problems.

Booth Room Committee Members and Terry Alford (right). Professor Alford is an expert on the Booth Family and author of the recent book "Prince Among Slaves" and editor of "John Wilkes Booth; A Sister's Memoir." Photographed March 2002

Who were the Booths of Harford County, Maryland?

From 1822 until 1858, Harford County was home to the family of Junius Brutus Booth, one of the foremost actors of his day. For thirty years, he was America's chief Shakespearian player. While he could be a ferocious figure on the stage, he was known as a kind hearted man who taught his children not to kill a living creature, even a rattlesnake. His children included not only Harford County's most famous native son of the 19th century but its most infamous as well. Edwin Booth followed his father onto the stage and established a career that eclipsed his father's. John Wilkes Booth followed his father and older brother onto the stage and was well on his way to establishing a career as illustrious as Edwin's. However, the outbreak of the Civil War tragically intervened changing not only the course of his life but the lives of his family and the history of the nation as well.

Born in London on May Day 1796, Junius Brutus Booth sailed for America in the spring of 1821 leaving behind a floundering stage career, a wife, and a two-year-old son. However, as Booth ventured forth, he was not alone. He was accompanied by the young and beautiful Mary Ann Holmes who was expecting his child. Junius and Mary Ann arrived in Norfolk, Virginia, on 30 June 1821. Almost immediately, Junius began a successful whirlwind tour that took him to six states and a number of major cities including New York, Baltimore, New Orleans, and Washington, D.C. Thus began a career that would make Junius Brutus Booth a major figure on the American stage for the next 30 years. Mary Ann gave birth in Charleston, South Carolina, to their first son, Junius Brutus Booth, Jr.

On 19 August 1822, Junius made a down payment on 150 acres three miles from Bel Air in rural Harford County. Exactly what brought Junius to consider Harford County as a country retreat for his new family in the first place is not known. However, two of his father's cousins lived in Baltimore and had married women from Harford County. Whatever brought Junius here; there is little doubt that the beauty and serenity of the area appealed to his love of the natural world and his desire for a retreat from the turmoil of the theatrical world.

Asia Booth Clarke later indicated her parents fled Baltimore to escape a yellow fever epidemic raging there that summer. In that day and age it was common, for those who could afford it, to own summer homes in the surrounding countryside. Junius purchased a log house located on a neighbor's farm and had it moved to a location near a spring on his new farm. In this log house, it is believed eight of the ten Booth children, including Edwin and John Wilkes, were born. While Junius Jr. was a successful actor and theatre manager, he was not as famous as Edwin or John Wilkes. The youngest son, Joseph, became a doctor in New York.

If you would like to work for the Booth Research Center, please contact or visit Mary Cardwell on a Wednesdays between 9 AM and 1 PM at the Historical Society, telephone number 410-838-7691. A display of Booth History is being set up at Tudor Hall by the Booth Research Center. Contributions may be mailed to:
The Booth Research Center
The Historical Society of Harford County
143 N. Main St.
Bel Air, MD 21014-0366


Work on this web page is continuing. Contributions of writing, art, photographs, or suggestions are welcome. Contact the Webmaster at harchis@msn.com.


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